- 1 Who should be vaccinated first for COVID-19 vaccine?
- 2 Who are at higher risk of developing serious illness from COVID-19?
- 3 What are the common side effects of COVID-19 vaccines?
- 4 Is it safe to take paracetamol before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine?
- 5 Is it safe to take AstraZeneca covid-19 vaccine during breastfeeding?
- 6 How old do you have to be to get the AstraZeneca vaccine?
- 7 What is the COVID-19 vaccine introduction toolbox?
- 8 How does the immune response help fight the COVID-19?
- 9 What is the body’s first line of defense against pathogens?
- 10 In what conditions does COVID-19 survive the longest?
Who should be vaccinated first for COVID-19 vaccine?
While COVID-19 vaccine supplies are limited, health workers at high risk of exposure and older people should be prioritized for vaccination.
Who are at higher risk of developing serious illness from COVID-19?
Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
What are the common side effects of COVID-19 vaccines?
The most commonly-reported events with COVID-19 vaccines are expected vaccine side effects, such as headache, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, fever and chills and pain at the site of injection. The occurrence of these adverse events is consistent with what is already known about the vaccines from clinical trials.
Is it safe to take paracetamol before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine?
Taking painkillers such as paracetamol before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine to prevent side effects is not recommended. This is because it is not known how painkillers may affect how well the vaccine works.
Is it safe to take AstraZeneca covid-19 vaccine during breastfeeding?
Vaccination can be offered to breastfeeding women if they are part of a group prioritized for vaccination. WHO does not recommend discontinuation of breastfeeding after vaccination.
How old do you have to be to get the AstraZeneca vaccine?
The vaccine is not recommended for persons younger than 18 years of age pending the results of further studies.
What is the COVID-19 vaccine introduction toolbox?
The COVID-19 vaccine introduction toolbox equips all countries to prepare for and implement COVID-19 vaccination by providing guidance, tools, and training. This toolbox is intended to support Ministries of Health, health workers, partner organizations, and other stakeholders.
How does the immune response help fight the COVID-19?
The development of immunity to a pathogen through natural infection is a multi-step process that typically takes place over 1-2 weeks. The body responds to a viral infection immediately with a non-specific innate response in which macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells slow the progress of virus and may even prevent it from causing symptoms. This non-specific response is followed by an adaptive response where the body makes antibodies that specifically bind to the virus. These antibodies are proteins called immunoglobulins. The body also makes T-cells that recognize and eliminate other cells infected with the virus. This is called cellular immunity. This combined adaptive response may clear the virus from the body, and if the response is strong enough, may prevent progression to severe illness or re-infection by the same virus. This process is often measured by the presence of antibodies in blood.
What is the body’s first line of defense against pathogens?
The body has many ways of defending itself against pathogens (disease-causing organisms). Skin, mucus, and cilia (microscopic hairs that move debris away from the lungs) all work as physical barriers to prevent pathogens from entering the body in the first place.
In what conditions does COVID-19 survive the longest?
Coronaviruses die very quickly when exposed to the UV light in sunlight. Like other enveloped viruses, SARS-CoV-2 survives longest when the temperature is at room temperature or lower, and when the relative humidity is low (<50%).